Instituto de Investigação das Pesca e do Mar

IPIMAR is the only governmental fisheries and aquaculture research laboratory in Portugal. IPIMAR carries out strategic research and technological development on management and conservation of marine living resources, aquatic environments, pollution, toxicology and shellfish and fish aquaculture, ensuring scientific and technical support for policies defined by the Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. It has a record spanning more than forty years in multi-disciplinary studies related to marine science and consequently has a number of staff with expertise in fisheries, aquaculture and marine research. IPIMAR has been, in recent years, a partner and co-ordinator in many national and international research projects in all fields of its activity.

The facilities of the IPIMAR Shellfish of Experimental Production Station of Tavira include a shellfish hatchery and nursery with its own microalgae production, as well as facilities in an open area for juvenile culture and growout (sites within the Ria Formosa lagoon and long-lines for mussel and oyster production: off-shore aquaculture). The equipment of the specific laboratories makes it possible to study biochemical and physiological parameters of the animals during their reproduction, larval culture and post-larval growth under controlled conditions. In recent years, one of the priority species on which this research group has worked is the native clam Ruditapes decussatus, which is the most commercially important bivalve species in Portugal. The team’s efforts have been mainly focused on resolution of hatchery production bottlenecks for this species.

Tasks attributed

IPIMAR is focused on the European clam, Ruditapes decussatus and has taken part in WP2 on clam broodstock conditioning, in WP3 on development of new tools to feed larvae, in WP4 on the use of chemical inducers of metamorphosis and in WP5 on the determination of .diet, food uptake, and the waste matrix.

Key persons

Alexandra Leitão (email : )

Researcher at IPIMAR, responsible for the marine invertebrate aquaculture group. Dr Leitão obtained her PhD in bivalve cytogenetics at the Universities of Porto and Paris VI in 2000 (co-supervision), and has done three post-doctorate research projects in classical and molecular cytogenetics of marine invertebrates. Her research activities until now have mainly concerned the cytogenetic characterization of bivalve species (she takes part in projects on applied cytogenetics) and study of karyotype evolution and phylogenic inferences within this group. She has been an active partner in several bilateral scientific collaborations and international projects (INTERREGs and FP5).

Sandra Joaquim

Sandra Joaquim is an IPIMAR researcher with a degree in Marine Biology and Fisheries. Sandra Joaquim’s research focuses on shellfish culture and artificial reproduction, particularly gonadal maturation and egg quality of bivalves. She works on the aquaculture of novel species with bivalve restocking and stock enhancement objectives and has recent experience in shellfish population genetics. She has participated in national and international projects focused on shellfish culture.

Domitilia Matias

Researcher in IPIMAR with a master’s degree on growth and physiology of the European clam. Domitilia Matias has 10 years of experience in the area of the shellfish culture, especially in reproduction and nutrition. Her research activities have been also included physiology and environment-aquaculture interaction. She has experience in several bilateral scientific collaborations, national and international (INTERREG and CORDIS) projects that focused on shellfish culture. She has developed pilot-scale hatchery production of European clam and oysters.